Research is organized into the following eight pillars, each focused on a critical societal issue:
Rice Universityhas demonstrated a single-molecule car developed by a chemical process and including buckyballs for wheels. It is actuated by controlling the environmental temperature and by positioning a scanning tunneling microscope tip.
Another definition is a robot that allows precision interactions with nanoscale objects, or can manipulate with nanoscale resolution. Such devices are more related to microscopy or scanning probe microscopy, instead of the description of nanorobots as molecular machine.
The IIN works on joint research initiatives with corporations including:
This program links institute researchers with venture capital experts and has resulted in the formation the 20 companies below, which have collectively raised over $700 million in financing: