The greatest scientific breakthroughs of 2014 have affected all aspects of modern life, from medicine, to space exploration, to the future of renewable technologies. Scientists all over the globe are publishing their findings and treating patients with new medicines and techniques that are changing everyday life for the human race, and adding to our vast banks of scientific knowledge. Some of the greatest scientific discoveries of all time were made in 2014.
Now that the task has finally been achieved, it appears that human cloning may .... Researchers have found that by controlling a piece of DNA called telomeres ...
In December 2014, scientists reported in the journal Nature Communications, that remains found in 2012 in a Leicester, England parking lot are, in fact, those of Richard III, noted villainous 15th century monarch. Even more impressive than the team's full trace of his DNA, is that they were able to trace genetic evidence through over 20 generations, to his living descendants. This is the oldest DNA identification case of a known individual.
In October, Lockheed Martin announced that they made a huge technological breakthrough in the realm of nuclear fusion power. Nuclear fusion is an alternative energy source that, if deemed safe and scalable, could be a good alternative in a world that is rapidly approaching peak oil. The new type of reactors are small enough to fit on the back of a truck, and could be ready to use within a decade. Lockheed sees the breakthrough as just one part of a comprehensive approach to solving current global problems related to energy and climate change.
Do you ever look up into the night sky and wonder if humans are alone in the universe? ... that they have mitochondrial DNA “with mutations unknown in any human, ... Some people believe that they were made as a map for water flow and ...
16-year-old Ciara Judge, Emer Hickey, and Sophie Healy-Thow won the Google Science Fair 2014, with their project "Natural Bacteria Combatting World Hunger."
While learning about the food crisis in the Horn of Africa, the trio got thinking about how they could help. What they found may change the future of worldwide food production. They experimented with the effects of the relationship between diazatrophic rhizobia (a bacteria found in soil) and non-leguminous plants, including barley and oats. They were able to decrease germination time by 50% and increase dry mass yield by up to 74%.
This could create the potential for increased crop yields and reducing crop loss due to adverse weather.
Scientist Jennifer Doudna, of the University of California Berkeley, and other researchers have identified an enzyme that allows them to "essentially change a genome at will to almost anything you want." CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) is a powerful tool that can help scientists, and perhaps one day doctors, alter an individual's genes, to prevent certain genetic diseases, whether in children or adults.